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Estimation of Pathological and Molecular Findings in Vaccinated and Non-Vaccinated Chickens Challenged with Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1 Virus
Adel M Bakeer§1, Marwa S Khattab1, Mona M Aly2, Abdel-Satar Arafa2, Fatma Amer2, Hafez M Hafez§3* and Mamdouh MH Afify§1*
1Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University; 2National Laboratory for Veterinary Quality Control on Poultry Production, Animal Health Research Institute, Dokki, Giza, Egypt; 3Institute of Poultry Diseases, Free University of Berlin, Germany
*Corresponding authors: (MMH Afify); (HM Hafez)


The present study was performed to evaluate the findings in chickens vaccinated with various regimes and challenged with highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (H5). Forty SPF chicks were divided into four groups of 10 birds each, in which group I served as negative control. Group II was challenged with H5N1 avian influenza virus (positive control) at day 31. Group III was given inactivated vaccine at day 10, then challenged with H5N1 virus at day 31. Group IV was vaccinated with recombinant fowlpox vaccine at day old and boosted with inactivated vaccine at day 10, then challenged with HPAIV at day 31. Quantitative RRT-PCR was carried out on tracheal swabs of living birds and organs of dead birds to evaluate viral load. In addition, specimens from trachea, lungs, bursa of Fabricius, spleen and brain were collected from all birds for histopathologic, immunohistologic and electron microscopic examination. Viral RNA and antigen were demonstrated in examined organs in group II only using indirect immunoperoxidase and quantitative RRT-PCR. The pathological lesions detected were severe in group II, far less in group III and mild in groups I and IV. In conclusion, vaccination regime involving the use of two different vaccines resulted in much alleviation of the pathological alterations and conferred a better protection of chicken against highly pathogenic avian influenza than the use of one vaccine.

To Cite This Article: Bakeer AM, Khattab MS, Aly MM, Arafa AS, Amer F, Hafez HM and MMH Afify, 2018. Estimation of pathological and molecular findings in vaccinated and non-vaccinated chickens challenged with highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 virus. Pak Vet J.  


ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)