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Prevalence of Gastrointestinal Parasites of Captive Birds in Punjab, Pakistan
Muhammad Zeeshan Akram1, Muhammad Arfan Zaman1, Hassan Jalal1, Saima Yousaf2, Asfand Yar Khan3, Muhammad Zahid Farooq1, Tauseef-ur-Rehaman4, Arbab Sakandar5, Muhammad Fiaz Qamar1 and Dwight D Bowman6
1Department of Pathobiology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences sub Campus College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Jhang 35200, Pakistan (CVAS); 2Department of Zoology, Wildlife and Fisheries, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan; 3Department of Clinical Sciences, CVAS; 4Department of Parasitology, University College of Veterinary & Animal Science, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur 63100, Pakistan; 5Department of Basic Sciences, CVAS; 6Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853-6401, USA; *Corresponding author:


A survey was conducted to investigate the point prevalence of gastrointestinal (GI) parasites of captive birds. Fecal samples from 613 captive birds belonging to 19 species were examined from Gujranwala and Jhang districts by using direct and indirect methods under the microscope. Protozoa, nematodes, cestodes and trematodes contributed 69.33, 35.39, 6.61 and 0%, respectively, to the overall prevalence of 54.32%.  The predominant parasite species were in the genera Eimeria (67.87%), followed by Ascaridia (33.93%), Capillaria (11.41%) and Hymenolepsis (6.61%). Age and rearing systems of birds were considered as risk factors for GI parasites. Adult captive birds were more commonly infected (58.05%) than yearlings (37.27%). The captive birds reared in aviaries had a higher prevalence of infection (83.51%) than cage-birds (49.23%). In light of these findings, age and rearing systems were identified as highly significant risk factors (P<0.05) for Gl parasitic infection in the captive birds.

To Cite This Article: Akram MZ, Zaman MA, Jalal H, Yousaf S, Khan AY, Farooq MZ, Rehaman TU, Sakandar A,  Qamar MF and Bowman DD, 2018. Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites of captive birds in Punjab, Pakistan. Pak Vet J.


ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)