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Epidemiological Study of Mastitis in Three Different Strains of Beetal Goat in Selected Districts of Punjab, Pakistan
 
Muhammad Ijaz Saleem*1, Muhammad Saqib1, Muhammad Sajjad Khan2, Ghulam Muhammad1 and Sajjad ur Rehman3
 
1Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery; 2Institute of Dairy and Animal Sciences; 3Institute of Microbiology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
*Corresponding author: drijazsaleem@gmail.com
 

Abstract   

Mastitis in goats, analogous to dairy cattle, is among the momentous diseases of economic value in all parts of the world. Local information of epidemiology of goat mastitis is scanty. In present study, considering geographical distribution of population of Beetal and its strains, 172 flocks were randomly pulled out by “Survey tool box” to reduce bias sampling from prei-urban and urban areas of six districts of Punjab (Central and Southern) for the conduct of this study. By following the proportionate sample strategy and assuming the highest population (70%) of Beetal all over the Punjab, these 172 flocks of Beetal and its three strains were selected and screened out for the prevalence of mastitis from Faisalabad, Jhang, Chiniot, Bahawalpur, Muzzafargarh and Rajanpur districts. Screening of the flocks with surf field mastitis test indicated that overall prevalence of caprine mastitis in Beetal breed was 17.39%  from all 172 flocks while in Beetal Faisalabadi strain  16.53%  from 116 flocks, in Beetal Makhicheeni 18.06% from 32 flocks and  in Beetal Nuqri 19.33% from 24 flocks were observed. Microbiological examination of milk samples showed various type of mastitic microorganisms. The predominant isolates included Staphylococcus (S). hyicus (45%), S. xylosus (19%), S. simulans (16%), S. aureus (9%) and 11% unidentifiable Staphaloccocal  species. Antibiotic sensitivity test was conducted on most prevalent isolates of the study as S. aureus and S.hyicus were sensitive to 8 antibiotics: amoxicillin, ampicilin, lincomycin, sulfamethoxazole+trimethoprim, novobiocin, enrofloxacin, amoxicillin+ clavulanic acid and oxytetracycline while S. xylosus was sensitive to all antibiotics except novobiocin and S. simulans was sensitive to lincomycin, sulfamethoxazole+ trimethoprim, enrofloxacin and resistant to all other antibiotics.

To Cite This Article: Saleem MI, Saqib M, Khan MS, Muhammad G and Rehman SU, 2018. Epidemiological study of mastitis in three different strains of beetal goat in selected districts of Punjab, Pakistan. Pak Vet J. http://dx.doi.org/10.29261/pakvetj/2018.118

 
   

ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)



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