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Biological Characterization of Locally Circulating Mycoplasma gallisepticum in Poultry
Saba Farooq1,2, Aamer Ali Shah1, Naila Siddique2, Saba Rafique2, Adeela Sharif2, Muhammad Athar Abbas2 and Khalid Naeem2*
1Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad; 2National Reference Lab for Poultry Diseases, Animal Sciences Institute, National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad, Pakistan
*Corresponding author:


Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) is a pathogen of concern for poultry. Present study was conducted to determine the biological characteristics of a field isolate of MG, recovered from an MG-affected flock. This isolation was made through conventional method of MG cultivation, using modified Frey’s media after confirming the isolate by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). A total of 48 birds were segregated into experimental group (32 birds) and the control group (16 birds). To appraise primary site of infection, MG broth propagated culture containing 1x106 CFU/ml was inoculated intratracheally to each bird in the experimental group, whereas the control group was sham inoculated by uninoculated broth. The clinical signs and symptoms were recorded daily from day 1 to 21 post-infection (p.i.). Seroconversion monitoring was carried out, at day 5, 10, 15, 20 p.i. by Serum Plate Agglutination test (SPA) and Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). To determine the dissemination pattern of MG, birds were sacrificed according to plan, swabbed from various organs and subjected to MG-specific PCR. Tracheal lesions and air sac lesions were scored after necropsy. Clinically, mild signs of respiratory discomfort were observed on day 5 p.i., which intensified on day 9 to 21 p.i. in the experimental group. PCR of tracheal swab samples was positive from day 7 to 21 p.i., and the swabs collected from lungs were positive for MG from day 9 to 21 p.i. The study concluded that, MG isolate from field showed limited dissemination pattern and is restricted to respiratory tract.

To Cite This Article: Farooq S, Shah AA, Siddique N, Rafique S, Sharif A, Abbas MA and Naeem K, 2020. Biological characterization of locally circulating Mycoplasma gallisepticum in poultry. Pak Vet J.


ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)