PAKISTAN
VETERINARY
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Seroprevalence of Camels Listeriosis, Brucellosis and Toxoplasmosis from Kirkuk Province-Iraq
 
Mohammed Yawoz 1, Shaheen E. Jaafar 2, Firas Alali 3,* and Cahit Babur4
 

1Medical Laboratory Technique Department, College of Health and Medical Technology, Kirkuk, Northern Technical University, Iraq; 2Therapeutic Nutrition Technique Department, College of Health and Medical Technology, Kirkuk, Northern Technical University, Iraq; 3Department of Veterinary Parasitology/College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Kerbala, Iraq; 4Refik Saydam National Hygiene Center, Department of Communicable Diseases, Ankara, Turkey
*Corresponding author: firas.o@uokerbala.edu.iq

Abstract   

This study was conducted to diagnose the seroprevalence of Listeriosis, Brucellosis and Toxoplasmosis in camels from Kirkuk province in Iraq. Seventy-six serum samples were randomly collected and analyzed from camels during April to September 2018. Three serological diagnostic methods have been used; Osebold agglutination test (OAT), serum tube agglutination test (SAT) and Sabin- Feldman dye test (SFDT). From all serum samples that collected, 42(55.26%) showed infections with Listeria, Brucella and Toxoplasma as following 15(19.7%), 7(9.2%) and 20(26.3%) respectively. Additionally, the study revealed a highly significant relationship between aborted camels and their infection with Brucellosis and Toxoplasmosis (58.3%). In contrast, infections with these pathogens have no significant relationship with sex and age of the camels. Risk factors of abortion were related with high prevalence of Brucellosis and Toxoplasmosis in camels' herds. Furthermore, this study found out that the camels in Kirkuk city might be the source of these infectious agents and disseminated of diseases to the human through their contaminated dairy products and meat.

To Cite This Article: Yawoz M, Jaafar SE, Alali F and Babur C, 2021. Seroprevalence of camels listeriosis, brucellosis and toxoplasmosis from Kirkuk Province, Iraq. Pak Vet J. http://dx.doi.org/10.29261/pakvetj/2021.030

 
   

ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)



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