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Seroprevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Contagious Caprine Pleuropneumonia in the Small Ruminants of Oman
Muhammad Hammad Hussain1, Muhammad Nadeem Asi2*, Sheikha Saif Rashid Al-Uahmadi1, Afrah Hamed Abdullah Al-Subhi1, Narjis Yousaf Ali Al-Senaidi1, Ruqiyah Salem Nasser Al-Subhi1, Muzna Khalifa Ismail Al-Beloushi1, Fatma Salim Said Al-Sinani1, Bushra Salim Thani Al-Riyami1, Muhammad Khalid Mansoor3, Muhammad Saqib5, Hatim Ali El-Tahir1, Salim Suleman Al-Makhladi1, Abdulamjaeed Hamood Al-Rawahi1 and Mahir Gharib Al-Maawali1
1Animal Health Research Center, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Oman; 2Department of Animal & Veterinary Sciences, College of Agricultural and Marine Science, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman; 3Faculty of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, The Islamia university of Bahawalpur; 4Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
*Corresponding author:


Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP) is an economically important and potentially fatal disease of small ruminants caused by Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae (Mccp). We designed this cross-sectional study to investigate the seroepidemiology of CCPP in the small ruminants of Oman. For this purpose, we sampled a total of 4015 small ruminants (2119 goats and 1896 sheep) from 510 flocks belonging to different governorates of Oman. A commercial competitive enzyme-linked immune-sorbent assay (cELISA) was used to test the samples. Prevalence (%) along with 95% confidence intervals (CI) was calculated, and a univariable analysis was conducted to screen different risk factors. Furthermore, a binary logistic regression model was built at the animal and flock-level (Table 3). In total, 147 (28.8%, CI 24.9, 33.0) flocks tested positive for the CCPP and the seroprevalence ranged from 10.0% to 53.8% in various governorates (p = 0.001). The prevalence was significantly (P<0.001) high in goats (28%, CI 23.8, 32.5) as compared to sheep (13.1%, CI 24.9, 33.0). At flock level; the open herds (OR 2.08, 1.33, 3.27), having a location in the coastal regions (OR 1.70, 1.14, 2.53) and flock size of more than 100 animals (OR 2.45, 1.54, 3.91) were the significant risk factors for CCPP in Oman. At the animal level; goats (OR 2.87, CI 2.17, 3.81), and small ruminants above the age of one year (OR 2.23, CI 1.38-3.59) were found more likely to acquire CCPP. We suggest that a control program based on the changes in the management system to minimize the risk factors and a possible mass vaccination should be devised to check CCPP in Oman.

To Cite This Article: Hussain MH, Asi MN, Al-Uahmadi SSR, Al-Subhi AHA, Al-Senaidi NYA, Al-Subhi RSN, Al-Beloushi MKI, Al-Sinani FSS, Al-Riyami BST, Mansoor MK, Saqib M, El-Tahir HA, Al-Makhladi SS, Al-Rawahi AH and Al-Maawali MG, 2020. Seroprevalence and associated risk factors of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia in the small ruminants of Oman. Pak Vet J.


ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)