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EFFECT OF INBREEDING IN PRE-WEANING GROWTH TRAITS THALLI SHEEP

A. Hussain, P. Akhtar, S. Ali, M. Younas, and M. Shafiq

Department of Animal Breeding & Genetics, 1Department of Livestock Management, University of Agriculture Faisalabad Research Center for Conservation of Sahiwal Cattle, Jhang Pakistan

Abstract

    Pedigree records of 17250 Thalli sheep with 17030 lambings maintained at the Livestock Experiment Station, Rakh Ghulaman, Distt. Bhakkar, Pakistan during the period from 1975 to 2004 were utilized in the present study. Average values for birth weight, weights at 60 and 90 days of age, weaning weight and pre-weaning average daily gain were 4.11 ± 0.82, 11.58 ± 3.57, 14.92 ± 4.56, 18.95 ± 4.56 and 0.12 ± 0.04 kg, respectively. Coefficients of inbreeding ranged from 10.15 to 37.50 percent for 295 animals, being 1.70 percent of the flock. Inbreeding significantly (P<0.01) affected birth and 60 days weight. Birth weight and 60 days weight decreased by 0.051 and 0.048 kg for each 1 percent increase in the level of inbreeding. However, inbreeding had non significant effect on weight at 90 days of age, weaning weight and pre-weaning average daily gain. The regression values for these traits were 0.010, 0.083 and 0.105, respectively. It was concluded that inbreeding showed deleterious effects only in early stages of life but as the lambs grew older the effect of inbreeding on pre-weaning traits diminished.

Key words: Thalli sheep, inbreeding, birth weight, growth traits.

 
   

ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)



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