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A STUDY ON THE PATHOGENESIS OF YOLK RETENTION IN BROILER CHICKS

Kashif Aziz Khan, Shakeel Akhtar Khan, Shahnaz Hamid2, Asim Aslam and Masood Rabbani'
 
 Department of Pathology, I Department of Microbiology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore. 2 PCSIR Laboratories Complex Lahore

Abstract   

    The present project was designed to identify the factors responsible for yolk retention in broiler chicks. Four different experiments were conducted to find out the effect of four factors (experimental yolk sac infection with Echerichia coli, off-feed period between hatching and housing. first feeding time in the poultry house and type of initial feed) on yolk absorption. Results of these experiments showed that yolk sac infection with E. coli led to decrease in rate of yolk absorption. Moisture and protein percentage was increased in infected yolk but fat percentage was not affected by yolk sac infection. On the other hand, post hatch starvation due to delay in housing and delay in first feeding did not affect rate of yolk absorption. Moisture percentage was not affected while fat absorption increased and protein absorption decreased due to fasting. It was also observed that feeding ground corn in early life of chick led to slow absorption of yolk contents as compared to feeding commercial starter ration and 2% sugar solution. Yolk composition was not affected by feeding commercial starter ration, ground corn and 2% sugar solution in early life of chick. It is concluded that experimental infection with E. coli and ground corn as initial feed leads to slow absorption of yolk sac in young broiler chicks.

Key words: Yolk retention. yolk absorption, yolk sac infection, starvation, initial feed, broiler chicks

 
   

ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)



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