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PREVALENCE OF COCCIDIOSIS IN DOGS ALONG WITH HAEMATOLOGICAL ALTERATIONS AS A RESULT OF CHEMOTHERAPEUTIC TRIAL

M. NISAR, J. A. KHAN1, M. S. KHAN1 AND I. A. KHAN

Veterinary Research Institute, Zarrar Shaheed Road, Lahore Cantt;
1
Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan

Abstract

    A case control study was conducted on 200 dogs to ascertain the prevalence of coccidiosis (Isosporiosis). A chemotherapeutic trial was also conducted to compare the efficacy of Co-trimoxazole and Furazolidone along with the effect of Isosporiosis and medication on various haematological parameters. The prevalence of Isospriosis was 18%. In chemotherapeutic trial, 30 naturally infected dogs were randomly divided into three equal groups A, B and C. Group A was treated with Co-trimoxazole (15 mg/kg) orally, Group B with Furazolidone (8 mg/kg) orally, while Group C was kept as infected non-medicated control. Group D consisting of 10 non infected dogs was kept as non infected non medicated control. The efficacies of these chemotherapeutic agents were evaluated by counting oocysts per gram (OPG) of faeces on day 0, 3, 7 and 10 post medication. The results revealed that Co-trimoxazloe and Furazolidone had 97 and 95% efficacy, respectively. As a result of treatment in groups A and B, the values of haemoglobin and packed cell volume significantly increased on day 3, 7 and 10 post-medication. It was concluded that Co-trimoxazole and Furazolidone both were effective against coccidiosis in dogs but Co-trimoxazole was better than Furazolidone.

Key words: Prevalence, coccidiosis, chemotherapy, dogs.

 
   

ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)



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