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Economic Importance of Camel: Unique Alternative under Crisis
 
S. Ahmad*, M. Yaqoob, N. Hashmi1, S. Ahmad2, M. A. Zaman3 and M. Tariq
Department of Livestock Management, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad; 1Department of Statistics, Government College University, Faisalabad; 2NWFP Agriculture University, Peshawar; 3Department of Parasitology, College of Veterinary and Animal Science, Jhang, Pakistan
*Corresponding author: sibtain_hmd@yahoo.com

Abstract   

Increasing human population of the world has arisen the issue of food security. In order to combat with this issue, there is need to explore a new world of resources. Camel can serve the best useful addition to the food supply chain in terms of milk, meat and other products. Dromedary camel is found in Pakistan and its population is highest in Baluchistan (41%). In Pakistan, there are 21 breeds of camel. The main two types are riverine and mountainous. Camels are of vital socio-economic importance in the country as people use it for drawing water from wells, ploughing and leveling land, working mini-mills for oil extraction, grinding wheat, corn and other grains and for crushing sugarcane, and pulling carts for the transportation of goods as well as people. Well-fed camel can yield 10-15L milk per day. Camel milk can also be used for making yogurt, kurth, butter, ghee, rabbri and khoa. Meat, hides and hair are useful by-products of camel. Camel farming will be beneficial for farmers when proper marketing infrastructure is established. Also, standard procedures for the classification and identification of camel breeds for different purposes need more attention. Camel ranching schemes and collaborative research approach are need of the hour. These measures can lead us to utilize this novel animal as a natural resource for coping food demand of ever increasing population.

Key words: Economic importance, Food security, Marketing, camel, Production systems

 
   

ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)



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