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Detection of Different Geneotypes of Clostridium Perfringens in Feces of Healthy Dairy Cattle from China using Real-Time Duplex PCR Assay
 
Guanghua Wang, Jizhang Zhou, Fuying Zheng, Guozhen Lin, Xiaoan Cao, Xiaowei Gong, Changqing Qiu*
Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, and Key Laboratory of Veterinary Public Health of Ministry of Agriculture, State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 1 Xujiaping, Lanzhou 730046, China
*Corresponding Author: cqqiu@126.com

Abstract   

Dual-labeled fluorescence hybridization probe-based multiplex quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assay was used for the detection of Clostridium perfringens toxin genes alpha (cpa), beta (cpb), iota (ia), epsilon (etx), beta2 (cpb2) and enterotoxin (cpe) directly from the feces of cattle. Fecal samples from 261 lactating cattle, belonging to three dairy herds in Ningxia (China), were examined using the developed assays. The duplex qPCR assay revealed that cpa, etx, cpb2 and cpe toxin genes were detected in 176 (100%), 15 (8.5%), 142 (80.7%) and 4 (2.3%) of 176 PCR positive samples, respectively. The findings of this study revealed that C. perfringens beta2-toxin-producing strains were widely prevalent in lactating cows in Ningxia, possibly playing an important role in C. perfringens-associated diarrheal disease.

Key words: Beta2-toxin; Clostridium perfringens;Duplex qPCR; Toxin typing

 
   

ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)



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