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Bovine Brucellosis: Old and New Concepts with Pakistan Perspective
 
Muhammad Abubakar*, Mehwish Mansoor and Muhammad Javed Arshed
National Veterinary Laboratory, Park Road, Islamabad, Pakistan
*Corresponding author: mabnvl@gmail.com

Abstract   

Brucellosis is considered to be one of the most widespread zoonoses in the world. According to OIE, it is the second most important zoonotic disease in the world after rabies. The disease affects cattle, swine, sheep and goats, camels and dogs. It may also infect other ruminants and marine mammals. The disease is manifested by late term abortions, weak calves, still births, infertility and characteristic lesions are primarily placentitis, epididymitis and orchitis.  The organism is excreted in uterine discharges and milk. The disease is economically important, is one of the most devastating transboundary animal diseases and also a major trade barrier. Although not yet reported, some species of Brucella (e.g., B. abortus) are zoonotic and could be used as bioweapons. Brucellosis has a considerable impact on animal and human health, as well as wide socio-economic impacts, especially in countries in which rural income relies largely on livestock breeding and dairy products. Considering the poor health infrastructure and manpower in rural areas, the focus should be on preventive measures coupled with strengthening the curative health care services for early diagnosis and treatment. The incidence of brucellosis is increasing particularly in large dairy herds in Pakistan. Several studies have been conducted using sero-diagnostic techniques to determine the prevalence of brucellosis in different provinces, districts and livestock farms in government and private sector.

Key words: Bovine, Brucella abortus, Occurrence, Pakistan Perspective

 
   

ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)



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