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Control of Vibrio harveyi Infection in Blue Swimming Crab, Portunus pelagicus Larvae by the Gut Isolated Lactic Acid Bacteria under Challenge Bioassay
A. D. Talpur*§, A. J. Memon§, M. I. Khan§, M. Ikhwanuddin, M. M. Danish Daniel2 and A. B. Abol-Munafi

1Institute of Tropical Aquaculture, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia;

2Faculty of Agrotechnology and Food Science, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia; 3Department of Fisheries, Government of Sindh, Pakistan
*Corresponding author:;


Five isolates of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from the gut of female Portunus pelagicus with inhibitory activity against shellfish pathogens and validation as probiotics via small scale in vivo model were tested for hatchery trials pathogen probiotic assay. Vibrio harveyi previously isolated from the gut of P. pelagicus, was added at 104 cfu mL-1 to test larvae for 10h. Test (LAB) isolates were inoculated at a concentration of 106 cfu mL-1 to pathogen addition aquaria once and until day four during the experiment. 20 larvae/liter were stocked and larval survival was determined over five days. Lactobacillus plantarum did produce highest survival 28.33% to 48.33% in one day and daily inoculations respectively and in probiotic control it produced 58.33% survival followed by L. rhamnosus 55% and L. salivarius 53.33% respectively over non inoculated control 43.33% and 0% survival in V. harveyi inoculated control.  However, Weissella confusa and W. cibaria did show less probiotic activity compared to rests of three LAB isolates. In the present study, it was determined that three LAB probiotics were effective in hatchery trials challenge assays which may significantly control the infection and increased the survival of larvae.

Key words: In vivo, Inoculation, Isolate, Probiotic, Portunus  pelagicus


ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)