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Zoonosis Update on H9N2 Avian Influenza Virus
Abdul Ahad*, Masood Rabbani, Altaf Mahmood1, Zulfiqar Hussan Kuthu2, Arfan Ahmad and Muhammad Mahmudur Rahman
Department of Microbiology, 1Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, 2Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan; 3Department of Pharmacology, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
*Corresponding author:


Influenza A viruses infect various mammals like human, horse, pig and birds as well. A total of 16 hemagglutinin (HA) and 9 neuraminidase (NA) subtypes have been identified. Most of the combinations are found in birds and relatively few have been isolated from mammals. Although there is no report of human to human transmission till to date, several cases of H5N1, H7N7 and H9N2 identified in humans since 1997 raised serious concern for health and veterinary profession. This review paper will focus H9N2 avian influenza virus (AIV) with special emphasis on zoonosis. The virus H9N2 though not highly pathogenic like H5N1 but can be virulent through antigenic drift and shift.

Key words: Avian Influenza Virus, H9N2, Pandemic


ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)