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Clinical and Morphological Studies on Spontaneous Cases of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Infections in Birds
I. Dinev1, S. Denev2* and G. Beev2
1Department of General and Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine; 2Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture, Trakia University, 6000 Stara Zagora, Bulgaria
*Corresponding Author:


Clinical, pathoanatomical, histological, and bacteriological studies were performed on broiler chickens, growing broiler parents, and growing egg layers, in three different poultry farms, after an outbreak of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections. The method of contamination of the birds was established. Several local and systemic clinico-morphological forms of spontaneous P. aeruginosa infections in various categories of stock birds were described: cases of P. aeruginosa infection resulting from injection of contaminated vaccines; case of P. aeruginosa infections through contaminated aerosol vaccine and cases of pododermatitis, periarthritis and arthritis in broiler chickens associated with P. aeruginosa infection. In different cases mortality range between 0.5 and 50%. The results showed that apart from embryonic mortality in hatcheries, and septicemic infections in newly hatched chickens, the pathogenicity of P. aeruginosa was associated with localized and systemic lesions in this category, as well as in young and growing birds. On one hand, these results have a theoretical significance, contributing for the confirmation and expansion of the wide array of clinico-morphological forms of P. aeruginosa infections in birds. On the other hand, the knowledge on these forms has a purely practical significance in the diagnostics of P. aeruginosa infections by poultry pathologists and veterinary practitians.

Key words: Broilers, Clinico-morphological forms, Infection, Layers, P. aeruginosa


ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)