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Growth, Serum Biochemical Indices, Antioxidant Status and Meat Quality of Broiler Chickens Fed Diet Supplemented with Sodium Stearoyl-2 Lactylate
 
Siyal Farman Ali1, Wang Chao1, Wan Xiaoli1, He Jintian1, Wang Mingfa2, Mohamed Ezzat Abd El-Hack3, Zhang Lili1, Zhong Xiang1and Wang Tian1*
 
1College of Animal Science & Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing Jiangsu, China, 210095; 2Henan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Institute for Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Research Zhengzhou, Henan, China; 3Department of Poultry, Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University, Zagazig, 44511, Egypt
*Corresponding author: tianwangnjau@163.com
 

Abstract   

This experiment was performed to examine the impact of sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate (SSL) on growth, antioxidants enzymes and meat quality of broilers fed low energy diets. A total of 240 Arbor Acre broilers were randomly distributed into four groups in complete randomized experimental design. The experimental groups were as: 1) PC: control was fed with the diet without adding any emulsifier, 2) P1: Low energy diet (LED) + 0.025% SSL, 3) P2: LED + 0.05% SSL and 4) P3: LED + 0.1% SSL, respectively. Findings in our study demonstrated that chicks fed with P2 diet had greater (P<0.05) average daily feed intake (ADFI), daily weight gain (ADG) and feed conversion ratio (FCR) compared to PC during 0-21 days. Moreover, during 21-42 days and overall experiment, the ADG and ADFI were statistically higher (P<0.05) in P3 as compared to other groups. The better FCR during whole experimental period was observed in P3 comparing to control and other treatments. Weights of pancreas and thymus were significantly (P<0.05) improved in P2 and P3, while spleen weight was higher (P≤0.05) in P3 followed by P2 then P1 compared to PC. The birds treated with P3 showed the lowest (P≤0.05) value of serum total cholesterol at 42 days of age. Values of breast muscle color were statistically (P≤0.05) differed due to treatments. The group of P3 showed significantly decreased lightness (L*) and increased redness of breast muscle compared to other groups. In addition, serum concentration of malondialdehyde (MDA) depressed (P≤0.05) and GSH-Px activity increased (P≤0.05) in P3 comparing with other groups. It can be concluded that dietary supplementation of SSL (0.025-0.1%) in low energy diets exhibited similar or more effective effects on growth performance than the high metabolizable energy diet. However, the use of 0.1% SSL can be effective to improve the growth performance, meat quality and antioxidant status of broiler.

Key words: Antioxidants, Broiler, Growth, Meat quality, Serum lipids, Sodium stearoyl-2 lactylate

 
   

ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)



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