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Molecular Approaches for Characterization of Aflatoxin Producing Aspergillus flavus Isolates from Poultry Feed
Saba Sana1, Aftab Ahmad Anjum1*, Tahir Yaqub1, Muhammad Nasir2, Muhammad Asad Ali1 and Mateen Abbas3
1Department of Microbiology; 2Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition; 3Quality Operations Laboratory, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Lahore Pakistan
*Corresponding author:


Aflatoxins are secondary toxic metabolites produced by aspergilli. Aspergillus flavus is one of the major aflatoxins producing specie. Present study was conducted to enumerate mycoflora of poultry feed and aflatoxin production potential of A. flavus. Home mixed and commercial poultry feed (n=20, each) were processed for determination of fungal load and isolation of mycoflora. Isolates were identified by culture and microscopic characters. Thin layer (TL) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) were used for screening, identification and quantification of aflatoxins produced by A. flavus respectively. A. flavus were confirmed by specie specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Isolation frequency of different genera, Aspergillus species and toxigenic A. flavus was calculated. The fungal count in home mixed feed was 2x102 to 1.6x104CFU/g whereas, in commercial poultry feed from 2x101 to 6x103 CFU/g. Aspergillus was the most prevalent genus in home mixed and commercial feed followed by Mucor. Among aspergilli, the highest percentage was of flavus (95%) followed by A. niger (75%), A. fumigatus (15%) and A. terreus (5%).  A total of 32.61 percent (223/685) aflatoxin producing A. flavus from commercial and 16.67 percent (23/140) from home mixed feed were detected by TLC. These aflatoxins (AFs) were identified as AFB1 and AFB2 and AFG1 by HPLC.  Amplicon (500 bps) of A. flavus was observed on 2 percent agarose gel. It was concluded that poultry feed may be a source of transmission of disease producing fungi and aflatoxins to poultry birds and human beings.

To Cite This Article: Sana S, Anjum AA, Yaqub T, Nasir M, Ali MA and Abbas M, 2019. Molecular approaches for characterization of aflatoxin producing Aspergillus flavus isolates from poultry feed. Pak Vet J, 39(2): 169-174.


ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)