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Anti-parasitic Applications of Nanoparticles: A Review
Mahmoud Kandeel 1,2*, Tauseef ur Rehman3, Tayyaba Akhtar4, Tean Zaheer5, Shahid Ahmad6, Usman Ashraf 6 and Mosaab Omar7,8

1Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Hofuf, 31982 Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia; 2Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kafrelshikh University, Kafrelshikh 33516, Egypt; 3Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Islamia University Bahawalpur, Pakistan; 4KBCMA College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Narowal, Sub-Campus UVAS-Lahore, Pakistan
5Department of Parasitology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan, 38040; 6Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan, 38040; 7Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Qassim University, 51452 Qassim, Saudi Arabia; 8Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, South-Valley University, Qena 83523, Egypt
*Corresponding author:


Parasites are known to cause diseases of acute, chronic and debilitating nature. The control of parasites and their vectors is one of the most prioritized tasks in the rearing of animals. In the face of rising resistance and limited options of chemical control for parasites, the alternative ways to prevent them become pivotal. The use of nanoparticles for control of parasitic diseases has shown great promise at the laboratory scale. Research has been directed to come up with different nano-based preparations, having different structural and functional characteristics. Green nanomaterials have proved to be more eco-friendly, safer, less toxigenic and effective alternatives to routinely used anti-parasitic agents. This review provides a quick inventory regarding nanoparticle use against parasites. Moreover, the areas for future research and development have been highlighted to encourage the application of nanoparticles with known safety and efficacy at commercial scale.

To Cite This Article: Kandeel M, Rehman TU, Akhtar T, Zaheer T, Ahmad S, Ashraf U and Omar M, 2022. Anti-parasitic applications of nanoparticles: a review. Pak Vet J, 42(2): 135-140.


ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)