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Potential of Anisakiasis in Foodborne Zoonosis
Liliana Aguilar-Marcelino1, Carlos Ramón Bautista-Garfias1, Tean Zaheer2, Amber Maqsood*3, Shameeran Salman Ismael Bamarni4, Bland Husamuldeen Abdullah5, Ashraf Zaman Faruk6, Muhammad Salman2, Tayyaba Akhtar7, Wajiha8, Fernando Edgar Marinez Silva9 and Riaz Hussain*10

1National Center for Disciplinary Research in Animal Health and Safety (INIFAP), Km 11 Federal Road Cuernavaca-Cuautla, Jiutepec 62550, MR, Mexico; 2Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan; 3Department of Zoology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan; 4Department of Medical Laboratories Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Duhok, Iraq, Iraq; 5Department of Medical Microbiology, College of Health Sciences, University of Duhok, Iraq; 6Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Bangladesh; 7KBCMA College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Narowal, Sub-Campus UVAS-Lahore, Pakistan; 8Department of Zoology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Quaid I Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan; 9Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agricolas y Pecuarias (INIFAP), Mexico; 10Department of Pathology, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan
*Corresponding author: (AM); (RH)


Seafood is an essential part of nutrient acquisition and is considered a staple food in areas located nearby water bodies.  The potential pathogens associated with seafood consumption are often neglected to make foodborne zoonosis more likely to occur. Anisakiasis resulting from infected nematodes Anisakis has worldwide distribution including developing continents like Asia (China, Japan, Korea and Bangladesh) and some developed areas like the Netherlands and the United States. Despite a global burden of morbidities and fatalities, Anisakiasis remains a neglected zoonotic disease. The intensity and distribution of disease rise owing to the consumption of different kinds of raw or improperly cooked seafood like sushi etc. There is no proper treatment for Anisakiasis owing to the delays in reaching out for medical opinions. Keeping in view the gaps in Anisakiasis research and surveillance, we should improve the treatment with medicine, surgery, and essential oil and curtail the transmission of diseases from parasites to humans. There are gaps in the existing information on the epidemiological significance of the so far known species of Anisakis, both in their natural and accidental host-like human population worldwide. This review signifies the importance of awareness, knowledge of Anisakiasis among humans and animals from a global viewpoint. A holistic approach by thorough assessment of the rapidly spreading disease Anisakiasis in natural and accidental hosts as well as in marine ecosystems is required to prevent morbidities and mortalities in humans..

To Cite This Article: Aguilar-Marcelino L, Bautista-Garfias CR, Zaheer T, Maqsood A, Bamarni SSI, Abdullah BH, Faruk AZ, Salman M, Akhtar T, Wajiha, Silva FEM and Hussain R, 2022. Potential of anisakiasis in foodborne zoonosis. Pak Vet J, 42(4): 433-444.


ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)