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Field Investigation on the Prevalence of Trypanosomiasis in Camels in Relation to Sex, Age, Breed and Herd Size
B. Bhutto, J. A. Gadahi, G. Shah1, P. Dewani2 and A.G. Arijo
Department of Veterinary Parasitology; 1Department of Veterinary Anatomy and Histology, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam; 2Central Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Tandojam, Pakistan
Corresponding author:


Blood samples were collected from 240 camels (183 male and 57 female) of four breeds from six districts of Sindh. An overall infection was determined as 11.25%. Species of Trypanosoma was identified as Trypanosoma evansi. District wise infection was found to be 2.5, 7.5, 12.5, 15.00, 22.5 and 7.5% in Hyderabad, Mirpur Khas, Umerkot, Badin, Thatta and Larkana, respectively. A higher infection was found in females (15.79%) as compared to males (9.84%). Highest (14.96%) infection was noted in age group >7 years, followed by 8.57 and 4.65% in 3 to 7 years and less than to 3 years old camels, respectively. Four breeds of camels were surveyed and the highest infection rate was found in Sakrai breed (21.82%), followed by 16.67, 6.15 and 5.95% in Kharai, Sindhi and Dhati breeds respectively. When herd size was considered, infection rate was 1.67, 6.67, 15.00 and 21.67% in herds possessing 1 to 5, 6 to 10, 11 to 20 and more than 20 animals, respectively.

Key words: Age, Breed, Camel, Herd size, Prevalence, Sex, Trypanosomiasis


ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)