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Review Article
Immunity against Ticks-A Review
Masood Akhtar, Faqir Muhammad, Laeeq Akbar Lodhi, Iftikhar Hussain and M. Irfan Anwar1
Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad; 1Livestock and Dairy Development Department, Govt. of the Punjab, Lahore
*Corresponding author:


Tick and tick borne diseases cause many problems to man and domestic animals world wide. These problems are most closely associated with domestic animals in tropical and subtropical areas around the globe. Currently tick control depends largely on the use of different chemicals. But the development of resistance against commonly available acaricides has created problem in this regard and animal population is becoming susceptible to both the ticks and diseases they transmit, with disastrous outcomes. The ability of manipulating organisms on molecular level and recent advancement in immunological procedures has provided alternatives for tick control. The objective of this review is to update/summarize the recent advances in the development of immunity against tick infestation in animals.

Key words: Animals; Immunity; Ticks


ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)