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Sero-Surveillance of Hemorrhagic Septicemia in Buffaloes and Cattle in Southern Punjab, Pakistan
Umer Farooq*, Zaka Saeed1, Muhammad Ather Khan2, Iftikhar Ali1 and Muhammad Fiaz Qamar
University College of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur; 1Livestock &Dairy Development Department, Govt. of Punjab, Dera Ghazi Khan; 2Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Lahore; Pakistan
*Corresponding author:


The present investigation was executed to study the sero-surveillance of hemorrhagic septicemia (HS) in buffaloes and cattle in district Dera-Ghazi-Khan, Punjab, Pakistan. The average geometric mean titers (GMT) recorded against HS in diseased buffaloes and cattle were 5.7 and 6.1, respectively. The morbidity, mortality and case fatality rates were 57.58, 52.30 and 90.83% in young buffalo calves; and 3.17, 1.92 and 60.65%, in adult buffaloes, respectively. Whereas, in case of young cattle calves, morbidity, mortality and case fatality rates were 8.63, 5.27 and 61.11%, respectively. While in adult cattle, morbidity, mortality and case fatality rates were 4.83, 2.18 and 45.23%, respectively. The present study revealed that the mortality, morbidity and case fatality rates due to HS were greater in young calves than the adults both in buffaloes and cattle. Furthermore, buffaloes were found to be more susceptible to the disease than the cattle.

Key words: Buffaloes, Cattle, Hemorrhagic septicemia, Sero-surveillance


ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)