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Growth Responses of Fish During Chronic Exposure of Metal Mixture under Laboratory Conditions
Saima Naz and Muhammad Javed
Department of Zoology and Fisheries, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
*Corresponding author:


Growth responses of five fish species viz. Catla catla,  Labeo rohita, Cirrhina mrigala, Ctenopharyngodon idella and Hypophthalmichthys molitrix were determined, separately, under chronic exposure of binary mixture of metals (Zn+Ni) at sub-lethal concentrations (1/3rd of LC50) for 12 weeks. Randomized complete block design (RCBD) was followed to conduct this research work. The groups (10 fish each) of Catla catla,  Labeo rohita, Cirrhina mrigala, Ctenopharyngodon idella and Hypophthalmichthys molitrix having almost similar weights were investigated for their growth responses and metals bioaccumulation patterns in their body organs during chronic exposure of Zn+Ni mixture. The bioaccumulation of metals in the fish body organs viz. gills, liver, kidney, fins, bones, muscle and skin were also determined before and after growth trails under the stress of metals mixture. The exposure of fish to sub-lethal concentrations of mixture caused significant impacts on the average wet weight increments of five fish species. Ctenopharyngodon idella and Labeo rohita attained significantly higher weights, followed by that of Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, Cirrhina mrigala and Catla catla. However, the growth of metals mixture exposed fish species was significantly lesser than that of control fish (un-stressed). Significantly variable condition factor values reflected the degree of fish well-beings that correlated directly with fish growth and metal exposure concentration. Any significant change in feed intake, due to stress, is reflected in terms of fish growth showing the impacts of metal mixture on fish growth were either additive or antagonist / synergistic. Accumulation of all the metals in fish body followed the general order: liver>kidney>gills> skin >muscle> fins >bones.

Key words: Accumulation, Chronic toxicity, Fish, Growth, Metal mixture, Nickel, Zinc


ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)