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Determinants Influencing Prevalence of Coccidiosis in Buffaloes, Pakistan
Muhammad Nisar Khan, Tauseef-ur-Rehman*, Muhammad Sohail Sajid, Rao Zahid Abbas, Muhammad Arfan Zaman1, Arbab Sikandar1 and Muhammad Riaz2
Department of Parasitology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad-38040, Pakistan; 1Department of Parasitology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Jhang, Pakistan; 2Department of Livestock Management, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad-38040, Pakistan *Corresponding author:


This paper describes a cross-sectional study in buffaloes of district Toba Tek Singh from April, 2009 to March, 2010 which aimed to identify prevalent species of Eimeria (E) and risk factors associated with subclinical coccidiosis. Overall prevalence of Eimeria in buffaloes was 49.6%. Six species of Eimeria were identified in total infected buffaloes. E. bovis was the commonest one among the species identified during survey followed in order by E. zuernii, E. canadensis, E. ellipsoidalis, E. alabamensis and E. cylindrica. Peak prevalence was observed in August. Wet season was found favorable for Eimeria. Odds of finding oocysts were higher in young stock and females (P<0.05) as compared to those of adults and males respectively. Among management and husbandry practices, five variables were found significantly associated with status. These included housing system, feeding system, watering system, floor type and herd size. Open housing system, trough feeding, tap watering, partially cemented floor type and smaller herds showed protective effect against coccidiosis with Odds of detection being higher in closed housing system, ground feeding, pond watering, non-cemented floor type and larger herd size, respectively. Body condition and breed of buffaloes were not found associated with prevalence of Eimeria. Value of feeding in troughs, provision of clean tap water, cementing floor of farms in reducing the extent of infection should be communicated to farmers. Appropriate monitoring and control of the disease is advisable.

Key words: Associated risk factors, Buffalo, Coccidiosis, Epidemiology, Pakistan


ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)