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Prevalence of four enteropathogens with immunochromatographic rapid test in the feces of diarrheic calves in east and southeast of Turkey
Hasan Içen1, Neval Berrin Arserim2, Nurettin IŞIK3, Cumali Özkan4* and Abdullah Kaya4
1Department of Internal Diseases, 2Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Dicle, 21180, Diyarbakır; 3Laboratory of Research, Diagnosis and Control of Animal Diseases, Microbiology, 21010, Diyarbakır; 4Department of Internal Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Yuzuncu Yil, 65080, Van, Turkey *Corresponding author:


In this study, fecal specimens taken from 192 diarrheic and 14 healthy calves (2-40 days old) were examined for the presence of bacterial and parasitic agents. Fecal samples from diarrheic calves with the four immunochromatographic rapid tests were 92.7% positive for four enteropathogens. The individual prevalence was 25, 21.8, 9.4 and 2.1% for Rotavirus, Cryptosporidium parvum, E. coli K99 and Coronavirus, respectively. Concomitant infections caused by two agents were 15.6% for Rotavirus+Cryptosporidium, 1.0% for Rotavirus+Coronavirus, 5.2% for Cryptosporidium+E. coli K99, and 7.3% for Rotavirus+E. coli K99. Besides concomitant infections caused by three agents were 3.1% for Cryptosporidium +Rotavirus+E.coli K99 and 1.0%, Cryptosporidium+Rotavirus+Coronavirus. In addition one calf (1.0%) was infected by combination of four agents as Cryptosporidium, Rotavirus, Coronavirus, and E. coli K99. The calculated individual prevalence was 56.9% for Rotavirus, 47.8% for C. parvum, 26.0% for E. coli K99 and 5.2% for Coronavirus. However, 88 samples were positive in smear detection for Cryptosporidium while 92 were positive in rapid test. As a result of this study it can be concluded that multiple etiologies of diarrhea can be seen and this can help in the development of a specific treatment and preventative measures for practitioners in east and southeast of Turkey.

Key words: Calves, Coronavirus, Cryptosporidium, Diarrhea, E. coli K99, Rapid diagnostic test, rotavirus


ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)