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Integrated Strategies for the Control and Prevention of Dengue Vectors with Particular Reference to Aedes aegypti
Asghar Abbas, Rao Zahid Abbas*, Junaid Ali Khan1, Zafar Iqbal, Muhammad Mehmood Hayat, Zia-u-Din Sindhu and Muhammad Anjum Zia2
Department of Parasitology; 1Department of Physiology & Pharmacology; 2Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
*Corresponding author:


Dengue fever (DF) is one of the most threatening vector borne diseases, affecting both humans and animals, causing severe epidemics and has brought the world to take serious steps for its control and prevention. DF is a viral disease transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. Unfortunately, due to unavailability of vaccine and lack of effective treatment, emphasis is given on its vector control. The only option left for its eradication is to restrict mosquito breeding. This can be achieved by chemical, biological and environment management methods. Use of botanicals is also an alternate and probably most effective approach for controlling DF vector. Community based eradication campaigns including educating people about its prevention and control meseaures and personal prophylaxis also play a vital role to prevent its occurrence. Likewise, use of nanotechnology and micro-emulsion, use of pheromones, insect sterilization techniques has also shown promising results in vector control. Utilization of only one method cannot control this dangerous disease but combination of all above interventions, discussed in the present paper, may prevent the DF vector and ultimately might help in the eradication programs of this disease.

Key words: Aedes mosquitoes, Dengue fever, Integrated control


ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)