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Unilateral Nephrectomy in a Female Dromedary Camel with Chronic Suppurative Pyelonephritis Caused by Staphylococcus lugdunensis
Mohamed Tharwat1,2, Madeh Sadan1,3*, El-Sayed El-Shafaey1,4, Abd Allah Al-Hawas1 and Elhassan Saeed1,5
1Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia;2Department of Animal Medicine, Faculty Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, Egypt; 3Department of Surgery, Anaesthesiology and Radiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, South Valley University, Egypt; 4Department of Surgery, Anaesthesiology and Radiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt;5Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Khartoum, Sudan; *Corresponding author:


The present study describes the diagnosis and surgical treatment of unilateral suppurative pyelonephritis in a 6-years-old female dromedary camel, weighing 330 kg. The animal was presented with a history of anorexia and decreased urine output for 11 days. Based on the clinical, laboratory and ultrasonographic examinations, the case was diagnosed to be a right kidney suppurative pyelonephritis. The she camel was subjected to right nephrectomy. The surgically removed kidney was enlarged, weighing 3.4 kg. Microscopic and biochemical examination of the pus sample taken from the affected kidney showed the presence of pure Staphylococcus lugdunensis. Histopathologically, the glomeruli showed congestion and periglomerular fibrosis. During the post-operative follow-up period, the she camel showed gradual improvement till complete recovery. In conclusion, the collaboration between clinical, laboratory, ultrasonographic and histopathological evaluation would constitute a reliable approach for a precise diagnosis and preoperative planning for unilateral nephrectomy in a female dromedary camel.

To Cite This Article: Tharwat M, Sadan M, El-Shafaey E, Al-Hawas AA and Saeed E, 2018. Unilateral nephrectomy in a female dromedary camel with pyelonephritis caused by Staphylococcus lugdunensis. Pak Vet J, 38(1): 116-118.


ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)