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In vitro Infection of Street and Fixed Rabies Virus Strains Inhibit Gene Expression of Actin-Microtubule Binding Proteins EB3 and p140cap in Neurons
Yidi Guo, Waqas Ahmad§1,2, Ying Song, Xinyu Wang1, Jie Gao1, Ming Duan1, Zhenhong Guan1, Iahtasham Khan2, Muhammad Awais2 and Maolin Zhang*1
1Key Laboratory of Zoonosis Research, Ministry of Education, Institute of Zoonosis, College of Veterinary Medicine, Jilin University, 5333 Xian Road, Changchun 130062, People’s Republic of China; 2Section of Epidemiology and Public Health, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Jhang 35200, Pakistan
*Corresponding author:


Rabies virus (RABV) is a highly neurotropic pathogen that causes neuronal dysfunction and alters the structural morphology of cytoskeleton. Different factors co-participate in regulating dynamic actin-microtubule cytoskeleton. Although RABV infection has been identified to induce microtubule depolymerization, but the relevant or associated molecular mechanism remains unclear. In order to observe the relation between RABV and cytoskeleton, immunofluorescence was performed to observe the structure of actin-microtubule cytoskeleton and associated binding proteins followed by quantification through experiments of Real-time PCR and western blot. The data showed that RABV disrupted the continuity of microtubules in confocal microscopy, and the localization of EB3 was random and varied at 48 hr and 98 hr of post-infection as compared to mock-infected cells. Street (MRV) and fixed (CVS-11) strains of RABV drastically reduced the gene expression of EB3 protein. These results demonstrated that RABV may alter the neuronal morphology by destructing balance of actin-microtubule cytoskeleton. Moreover, EB3 and p140cap play vital roles in inducing microtubule depolymerization during RABV infection.

To Cite This Article: Guo Y, Ahmad W, Song Y, Wang X, Gao J, Duan M, Guan Z, Khan I, Awais M and Zhang M, 2019. In vitro infection of street and fixed rabies virus strains inhibit gene expression of actin-microtubule binding proteins EB3 and p140cap in Neurons. Pak Vet J, 39(3): 359-364.


ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)