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Gross Morphological and Ontological Studies on Pituitary of Camel (Camelus dromedarius)

Shaukat Ali Shaukat Jaspal1, Zia-Ur-Rahman2* and Abdul Majeed Cheema1

1Department of Zoology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan; 2Institute of Pharmacy, Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
*Corresponding author:


Thirty normal male and female camels (Camelus dromedarius) with three age groups (2-4, 5-10 and 11-onward years) were selected for pituitary gross morphological and ontological studies. Body weight and pituitary were recorded; Mean body weight of camels and mean relative pituitary gland weight as a percent of body weight were calculated. In camels of age greater than 11 years, body weight significantly correlated with relative pituitary weight (r=-0.754*), overall correlation of female body weight and pituitary weight irrespective of their age was highly significant (r=0.888**). Whereas, the body weight of female camel between 5-10 years of age reflected a significant correlation with relative pituitary weight (r=0.882*). The cells of adenohypophysis were arranged in the cluster and formed the pars distalis and pars intermedia. Overall acidophil in the pituitary of camels were higher than chromophobes and basophils while basophils were the lowest in number as compared to other two types of cells. It is concluded that body weight of camel is suggestive of its correlation with pituitary weight, sex and age.

To Cite This Article: Jaspal SAS, Rahman ZU and Cheema AM, 2019. Gross morphological and ontological studies on pituitary of camel (Camelus dromedarius). Pak Vet J, 39(4): 578-582.


ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)