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Effect of Ethanol Extract and Fractions of Physalis Calyx Seu Fructus on Inflammation and Mycoplasma Gallisepticum
Yanyan Yi1, Miaomiao Yao1, Panpan Sun2, Jia Cheng1, Ajab Khan1, Jianhua Guo3, Hongquan Li1* and Na Sun1*
1College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu, Shanxi 030801, People’s Republic of China; 2Laboratory Animal Center, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu, Shanxi 030801, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Schubot Exotic Bird Health Center, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA; *Corresponding author:


The aim of the study was to investigate whether ethanol extract and fractions from D-101 macroporous resin of Physalis Calyx Seu Fructus has the anti-inflammatory and anti-Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) activity in vitro. Extract (P) was isolated from the dried calyces of Physalis Calyx Seu Fructus with 80% ethanol under reflux. The five major fractions (P1, P2, P3, P4 and P5) were obtained with ethanol gradient elution from D-101 macroporous resin column loaded with P. P and Fraction P2 was enriched with luteoloside content, with 1.39% and 2.548%, respectively. P3 had significantly inhibited the expression of IL-6, TNF-α and NO both at protein and gene level in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages by the qRT-PCR analysis and ELISA assay. Moreover, P2, P3, and P4 at its minimum inhibitory concentration inhibited the growth of MG. Conclusively, the present study suggested that P3 is a potential agent against MG and inflammation.

To Cite This Article: Yi Y, Yao M, Sun P, Cheng J, Khan A, Guo J, Li H and Sun N, 2020. Effect of ethanol extract and fractions of physalis calyx seu fructus on inflammation and Mycoplasma Gallisepticum. Pak Vet J, 40(3): 283-288.  


ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)