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Protective Effect of Ethanolic Extract of Jati Belanda (Guazuma ulmifolia L.) by Inhibiting Oxidative Stress and Inflammatory Processes in Cisplatin-induced Nephrotoxicity in Rats
Wahyu Widowati1*, Sijani Prahastuti1, Meilinah Hidayat1, Stella Tinia Hasiana1, Roro Wahyudianingsih1, Ervi Afifah2, Hanna Sari Widya Kusuma2, Rizal Rizal2,3 and Mawar Subangkit4

1Faculty of Medicine, Maranatha Christian University, Jl. Surya Sumantri No. 65 Bandung 40164, West Java, Indonesia
2Biomolecular and Biomedical Research Center, Aretha Medika Utama, Jl. Babakan Jeruk II No. 9, Bandung 40163, West Java, Indonesia; 3Biomedical Engineering, Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16426, West Java, Indonesia; 4Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia, Jl. Agathis No. 1, IPB University Darmaga Campus, Bogor 16680, West Java, Indonesia
*Corresponding author:


The accumulation of high concentrations of cisplatin in the kidneys may causes nephrotoxicity. Cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity happens through the inflammation of the tubules, and apoptosis, necrosis, and vascular defects. Jati Belanda (Guazuma ulmifolia L.) leave contain various natural compounds and the ethanolic extract of Jati Belanda decreased Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) level in diabetic glomerulosclerosis by in vitro study. According to the author’s knowledge, no comprehensive work was dedicated to nephroprotective effect of Jati Belanda ethanolic extract (EEJB) in cisplatin-induced nephrotoxic rat. Two doses of EEJB 300 mg/kg bw, EEJB 600 mg/kg bw were administered in nephrotoxicity rats by inducing cisplatin 8 mg/kg bw for three days before EEJB treatment. The measurement of MDA and CRE were done using colorimetric methods while IFN-γ. IL-1β, and TNF-α expression was done by using immunochemistry (IHC) assay. The results of this study showed that EEJB 300 and 600 mg/kg bw could decrease MDA and CRE level also IFN-γ. IL-1β, and TNF-α expression compared with positive control. Thus, ethanolic extract of Jati Belanda may give protective effect in patients being treated with chemotherapy using cisplatin but further toxicity effect and clinical trials studies are needed.

To Cite This Article: Widowati W, Prahastuti S, Hidayat M, Hasiana ST, Wahyudianingsih R, Afifah E, Kusuma HSW, Rizal R and Subangkit M, 2022. Protective effect of ethanolic extract of jati belanda (Guazuma ulmifolia L.) by inhibiting oxidative stress and inflammatory processes in cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. Pak Vet J, 42(3): 376-382.


ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)