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Nanoparticles of Kirinyuh (Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M.King & H.Rob.) Leaves Extract as a Candidate for Natural Remedies Lowering Hypercholesterol: In Silico and In vivo Study
Shafira Salwa Salsabil1, Vania Putri Ardana1, Raden Roro Prakasita Budi Larastiyasa1, Inarotul Wardah Pratiwi2, Rizky Aprillia Widianti2 and Anggi Muhtar Pratama3*

1Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sleman, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia; 2Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sleman, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia; 3Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sleman, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia
*Corresponding author:


Hypercholesterolemia in recent years has become a serious problem because of its cause of almost half of cases of ischemic heart disease. Alternative medicine most people usually use also has a weakness, namely weak pharmacological effects. This study aims to optimize the pharmacological effect of kirinyuh leaves as an antihypercholesterolemic agent by making nanoparticles preparations. This study used in silico and in vivo studies, the in silico study was done to predict the potential of flavonoid, one of kirinyuh leaves’ compounds which can inhibit HMG-CoA reductase (HMGCR) enzyme, that have a role of cholesterol making. In vivo study was done to hypercholesterolemia mouse model (n=24) who were given of kirinyuh leaves extract each with 100 mg (T1) and 200 mg/200 g body weight (BW) (T2) dose, and kirinyuh leaves extract in nanoparticle formulas each 1 mL (T3) and 2 mL/200 g BW (T4) every day for 2 weeks. Blood was snipped at the end of treatment for lipid profile analysis. Molecular docking’s result showed that flavonoid compounds can reduce hypercholesterolemia by interacting with HMGCR enzymes thus the formation of cholesterol in the liver can be inhibited, therefore T1-T4 are capable to improve blood lipid profile significantly compared to control (P<0.05). The best result is shown in T4 that gave 2 mL/200 g BW dose of nanoparticle formulation with the most reduction of total cholesterol and lipid profile between all the treatment groups. It can be concluded that nanoparticle formulation has better pharmacologist effect.

To Cite This Article: Salsabil SS, Ardana VP, Larastiyasa RRPB, Pratiwi IW, Widianti RA, Pratama AM 2022. Nanoparticles of kirinyuh (Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M.King & H.Rob.) leaves extract as a candidate for natural remedies lowering hypercholesterol: in silico and in vivo study. Pak Vet J, 42(3): 397-403.


ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)