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Evaluation of the Genotoxicity of Bangpungtongsung-San, a Traditional Herbal Prescription
In-Sik Shin§, Chang-Seob Seo§, Mee-Young Lee, Hye-Kyung Ha, Ji-Young Kim1, Jung-Im Huh1 and Hyeun-Kyoo Shin*
Herbal Medicine Formulation Research Group, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, 483 Expo-ro, Yusung-gu, Daejeon 305-811; 1Division of Non-clinical Studies, Korea Institute of Toxicology, P.O. BOX 123, 100 Jangdong, Yusung-gu, Daejeon 305-343, Republic of Korea
*Corresponding author:


Bangpungtongsung-san (BPS) is a traditional Korean herbal formula used as an anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antiobesity, and choleretic agent, which consists of 18 herbs. As part of a safety evaluation of BPS, the present study evaluated the potential genotoxicity of an aqueous BPS extract using a standard battery of tests, including, the Ames test, chromosomal aberration test, and mouse micronucleus test. The BPS extract was not found to be genotoxic under the conditions of the Ames test. In micronucleus test, oral administration of BPS at doses up to 2,000 mg/kg did not increases the incidence of micronucleated polychromatic erythrocyte. The chromosomal aberration test showed that the BPS extract induced an increase in the number of structural and numerical chromosomal aberrations in the group treated with BPS at high dose levels (2,500 and 4,000 μg/mL) for 6 h, in the presence of the metabolic activation system (S-9 mix), compared with the vehicle control. In conclusion, these results indicate that BPS extract may act as a genotoxic agent.

Key words: Ames test, Bangpungtongsung-san, Chromosomal aberration test, Genotoxicity, Herbal formula, Micronucleus test


ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)