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Assessment of Serum Trace Elements in Thiram Induced Tibial Dyschondroplasia Chickens
Houqiang Luo1,§*, Kun Li2, §, Sheji Weng3, Yu Bai1, Hui Zhang2, Khalid Mehmood2,4, Muhammad Shahzad4 and Jiaxiang Wang5*
1College of Animal Science, Wenzhou Vocational College of Science and Technology, Wenzhou 325006, People’s Republic of China; 2College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, People's Republic of China; 3Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, 109 Xueyuan XiRoad, Wenzhou 325027, Zhejiang, China;
4University College of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, 63100 Pakistan; 5College of Animal Science, Yangtze University, Jingzhou 434023, People's Republic of China
*Corresponding author: (HQL); (JXW)


This study was conducted to determine the concentrations of various trace elements in thiram induced tibial dyschondroplasia chickens. A total 30 day-old male chicks equally divided into two groups including thiram group (n=15) and control group (n=15). Control group was given basal diet throughout the study. Tibial dyschondroplasia was induced by adding thiram @ 50 mg/kg into basal diet from day 3 post-hatch till the end of experiment. Two milliliter bloods were collected from ten chickens of each group on day 7 and 14. The serum was separated by centrifugation and blood serum was assessed in triplicates by Agilent 7700x equipped with an ASX 250 auto sampler. The results were analyzed by students t-test, which revealed that the concentration of Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Mo, Cd and Pb in thiram group were increased significantly (P<0.05), while the concentration of Cu in was significantly decreased on day 10 compared to control group. The concentrations of Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni and Pb in thiram groups on day 14 were significantly lower than control group, while concentration of Mo was significantly higher in thiram group. The concentrations of Co, Cu and Cd on day 14 were non-significantly different in both groups. The current study shows that thiram effect Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Mo, Cd, Pb and Cu in the chick body significantly which is not a good for chicken health. So, it provides considerations to take the effective measures for poultry feed supplement to prevent the occurrence of TD.

To Cite This Article: Luo H, Li K, Weng S, Bai Y, Zhang H, Mehmood K, Shahzad M and Wang J, 2018. Assessment of serum trace elements in thiram induced tibial dyschondroplasia chickens. Pak Vet J, 38(1): 101-104.


ISSN 0253-8318 (Print)
ISSN 2074-7764 (Online)